Top 10 National Parks in India | Location | Fauna | Flora

Top 10 National Parks in India

Top 10 National Parks in India:- National parks are the environment of great natural beauty, giving open-air recreation opportunities. It was established to preserve and enhance our national beauty of India and so that the enjoyment of the scenery by the public can be promoted. Below is the list of the top 10 national parks in India.

Top 10 National Parks in India

In 1970, there were only 5 national parks and 1,800 wild tigers left in India. Within two years, the Indian Government created both the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger Act. Now, there are 103 national parks and 50 tiger reserves in India. They preserve and protect a wide range of biodiversity, including 70% of the world’s wild tigers, white lions, sloth bears, hundreds of bird species, and much more flora and fauna. Today, we will discuss the Top 10 National Parks in India.

No.1- Jim Corbett National Park

Jim Corbett National Park is known as the “first national park of India” near the city of Jam Nagar. Jim Corbett national park was established in 1936 and named after a popular hunter/naturalist, “Jim Corbett.” It covers (520.8  km2) and vibrant flora and fauna, and a large part of its area are covered with grasslands. Here is a resident that you get to stay right in the middle of the forest at the Dhikala Forest Lodge is the national park’s main attraction.

  • Location: Nainital, Pauri Garhwal, Uttrakhand
  • Fauna: Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephant, sambar, jackal, kingfisher.
  • Flora: Sal forest, various flowers like Bali, Mahua, Kusum, Bela & grasslands.

No.2- Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park is known as the Kanha-Kisli National Park, is a popular tiger reserve in India. Kanha National Park is divided into two safe zones named Hallon of 250 km2 and Banjar of 300 km2. It was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1933, National Park in 1955, and Tiger Reserve in 1974 by the Madhya Pradesh forest department. It is situated in the Mandla and Balaghat districts of MP. It covers 940 km2 that makes it the largest national park in Central India. A famous documentary by National Geographic, “Land of the Tigers,” was shot here and loved worldwide.

  • Location: Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Fauna: Royal Bengal Tiger, panther, gaur (Indian Bison), jackal, wild dog, python, Indian Krait, Indian Garden Lizard, more than 350 species of birds.
  • Flora: Various kinds of trees like Palash, sal, mahua, bamboo, and achar.

No.3- Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park is a popular one-horned rhinoceroses reserve in India. This National Park is a World Heritage site of Unesco since 1985. It was established as a reserve forest in 1905 by the Assam forest department. It is situated in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam and covers 430 km2 of Land. According to a survey of march 2018, there are 2,413 Rhinos and 385 calves. Four main rivers cross Kaziranga National Park, Brahmaputra river is one of them.

  • Location: Golaghat and Nagaon, Assam
  • Fauna: Elephants, Swamp Deer, wild water buffalos, and more than 150 species of birds.
  • Flora: Various kinds of trees like marshland, Elephant grass, and tropical moist broadleaf forests.

No.4- Bandhavgarh National Park

Bandhavgarh National Park is a famous national park located in Madhya Pradesh. It was considered a National Park in 1968 and Tiger Reserve in 1993. Bandhavgarh National Park is a popular tiger reserve in India that covers an area of 1,536 km2. Tala, Magadhi, and Khitauli are the three main zones of the Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh. The Madhya Pradesh Forest Department maintains it.

  • Location: Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Fauna: Royal Bengal Tiger, panther, white tiger, wild dog, leopards, deers
  • Flora: Various kinds of trees like Palash, sal, mahua, bamboo, and achar

No.5- Gir National Park

Gir National Park is also known as the Sasan Gir National Park, and Wildlife Sanctuary is popular for Asiatic Lions in India. It was established in the year 1965 in a private hunting area for the Nawab of Junagarh. It covers a 1,412km2 area in Gujarat, where 258 km2 is protected for the National Park and 1,153 km2 area for the Wildlife Sanctuary. The Gir National Park is closed from 16 June to 15 October every year. Therefore, the month between December and March is a perfect time to visit Gir.

  • Location: Junagarh, Gir Somnath, and Amreli districts of Gujarat, India
  • Fauna: Asiatic Lions, panther, jackal, wild dog, python, Indian Garden Lizard, more than 300 birds.
  • Flora: Various kinds of trees like Palash, bamboo, and dry deciduous forests

No.6- Ranthambhore National Park

Ranthambore National Park is a national park located in Rajasthan. It is located close to the district of Sawai Madhopur and covers 1,334 km2 of land. It should always be a major choice while planning your wildlife holidays in India. There are also two other historical reasons to visit; these are Raj Bagh Ruins and Ranthambore Fort. The park also has various lakes and rivers like the Banas River in the north and the Chambal river in the South.

  • Location: Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan
  • Fauna: Striped hyenas, Nilgai, Macaques, Indian Gerbilles, Indian Porcupines, Small Indian Mongoose, common palm civets, herons, sandpipers, woodpeckers, Asian Palm Swift, Indian Gray Hornbills.
  • Flora: Trees like babul, jamun, khajur, kadam, khajur, khair, banyan and others.

No.7- Manas National Park

Manas National Park is one of the popular destinations in a list of the best wildlife destinations for summer. It is covered with Himalayan foothills and is also known as the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. It was first declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 and then a National Park in 1990 and covers 950 km2 land. The Manas National park is home to 20 endangered species of animals. It is also covered with extensive grasslands and famous for the population of wild water buffalo.

  • Location: Chirang and Baksa District, Assam
  • Fauna: Himalaya palm civet, Binturong, Common mongoose, Water buffalo, Sambar, Hog deer, and Himalayan black bear.
  • Flora: Trees like pith ray, wild guava, Kadam, elephant apple, broken bones.

No.8- Sunderbans National Park

Sunderbans National park is a popular world heritage site of UNESCO. It is a mangrove area of the delta formed by the Ganga, Brahmaputra, and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. It covers an area of over 4,260 kmin West Bengal. The Sunderbans provide natural habitat to 453 faunal wildlife, including 290 birds, 120 fishes, 42 mammals, 25 reptiles, and eight amphibian species.

  • Location: Presidency division, West Bengal
  • Fauna:  Common mongoose, Water buffalo, Crocodiles, and much more.
  • Flora: Trees like Sundri, Kadam, gewa, and much more.

No.9- Periyar National Park

Periyar National Park is a protected area that is located near the districts of Kottayam, Kochi. Periyar National Park is also known as Periyar Tiger Reserve, one of India’s oldest tiger reserves and was once home to the white tiger. Tiger Safari is a popular thing that you can do in Periyar National Park. Travelers also enjoy Camping, enjoy boating and embark on a trekking trail.

  • Location: Idukki and Pathanamthitta, Kerala
  • Fauna: Royal Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant, barking deer, wild dog, Nilgiri Tahr, Gaur (Indian Bison), and Barking Deer.
  • Flora: Over 1965 flowering plants, 171 grass species, and 143 species of orchids.

No.10- Bandipur National Park

Last but not least, Bandipur National Park is a tiger reserve established in the year 1974 under the project tiger. It is a National Park in Karnataka state with the second-highest Tiger population in India. It is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve with the largest protected area in South India. Most animals like deer, peacocks, bison, and elephants are spotted on the road that passes through the jungle in this park.

  • Location: Chamrajanagar district, Karnataka
  • Fauna: Bison, antelopes, Indian Rock Pythons, Indian Giant Squirrels, gray langurs, crested serpent eagles, red-headed vultures, flowerpeckers, brown fish owls, and kingfishers.
  • Flora: Trees like Indian Kino Tree, clumping bamboo, satinwood, black cutch, and golden shower tree.

FAQ

Q- Which is the largest National Park in India? Hemis National Park is the largest national park in India, with an area of 4400km2. Q- Which is the smallest national Park in India? South Button Island National park is the smallest national park in India. Q- Which is the oldest national park in the world? Yellowstone National Park is known as the first-ever national park globally, which is located in the USA. Q- Which is the largest tiger reserve in India? Nagarjunsagar-srisailam Tiger Reserve is the largest tiger reserve in India.

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