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What is Coronavirus ? | What Causes Covid-19?

What is Coronavirus? What is Covid-19?: The coronavirus is a rapidly spreading disease since 2019 also called (COVID-19) pandemic that is causing major disruptions in people’s lives around the world. If the pandemic progresses, it is critical to gain a better understanding of its epidemiology, define its possible effects, and develop mitigation strategies to prevent pandemic-related mortality.

Pandemic Efficiency Index (PEI)

A tool or algorithm is required to assess the effectiveness of public health policy and/or economic preparedness interventions in preventing COVID-19-related mortality. The Pandemic Efficiency Index (PEI) is a simple and realistic epidemiological instrument that can be used globally to assess the relative efficacy of measures placed in place to prevent death from COVID-19 infection.

Using the PEI and current COVID-19-related mortality, we found that Germany has the highest PEI (5.1) among countries with more than 5,000 confirmed cases of the infection, suggesting that the country has implemented high-quality steps to avoid death during the pandemic. COVID-19-related PEIs are currently lowest in Italy and France.

Origins of Coronavirus

It was first discovered in three people who had pneumonia and were linked to a Wuhan cluster of acute respiratory illness cases. In nature, all of the structural features of the novel

Related coronaviruses contain SARS-CoV-2 virus particles.

Human cases with onset of symptoms in early December 2019 have been reported by Chinese authorities after retrospective investigations. Although some of the earliest cases were linked to a Wuhan wholesale food market, others were not.

The new second Coronavirus Wave

The new coronavirus strain is thought to have originated in bats or pangolins, according to many health experts. The first human transmission occurred in Wuhan, China. The virus has largely spread by person-to-person interaction since then.

The quest for the virus that triggers COVID-19, and the course it took to jump from animals to humans, wreaking havoc around the world, infecting over 129 million people, and killing over 2.8 million, is still ongoing.

Basic Symptoms Of Coronavirus/ Covid-19

  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Exhaustion

Less serious symptoms of Coronavirus/ Covid-19

  • pains and aches
  • Conjunctivitis, sore throat, diarrhea
  • a migraine
  • a loss of scent or taste

Serious Signs

  • Breathing problems or shortness of breath.
  • Loss of voice or movement
  • chest pain or pressure

Note:

If you are experiencing severe symptoms, seek medical help right away. Often call ahead of time before going to the doctor or a health facility.

If you have mild symptoms then it shall be managed at home by individuals.

 Impact of coronavirus | Covid-19 impact on the economy

  • The COVID-19 outbreak put the agricultural sector’s resiliency to the test. Prices of agricultural commodities have dropped by 20% due to a global decline in demand from hotels and restaurants.

To curb the rapidly, spreading coronavirus, countries all over the world have enacted a slew of security measures.

  • The British Plastics Federation (BPF) surveyed to see how COVID-19 is affecting manufacturing businesses in the UK (UK)
  • The British Plastics Federation (BPF) surveyed to see how COVID-19 is affecting manufacturing businesses in the UK (UK).
  • The Chemical Industry is expected to reduce global production by 1.2 percent, the lowest rate of growth since the financial crisis of 2008.
  • COVID-19 has affected all levels of schooling, from pre-school to tertiary. Different countries have implemented various measures, ranging from full closure in Germany and Italy to partial closure in the United Kingdom.
  • Furthermore, over 100 countries have ordered the closing of educational facilities around the board. According to UNESCO, the closing of educational institutions has impacted almost 900 million students.
  • COVID-19 has impacted social mobility by removing the ability for schools to offer free school meals to children from low-income households, as well as social exclusion and school dropout rates.
  • It has also had a huge effect on the costs of childcare for young families.
  • Furthermore, there is a significant difference between those with a higher income who have access to technology that allows education to continue digitally during social isolation and those with a lower income who do not.

How To Protect Yourselves From Coronavirus

  • To reduce the risk of infection when others cough, sneeze, or chat, keep at least a 1-meter gap between yourself and them.
  • When you remove a mask, place it in a clean plastic bag and wash it every day if it’s a cloth mask or throws it away if it’s a medical mask.
  • Valves should not be used with masks.

Common FAQ

  1. What is COVID-19?
  • COVID-19 is a disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which is a modern coronavirus. Following a study of a cluster of cases of ‘viral pneumonia in Wuhan, the People’s Republic of China, WHO first heard of this new virus on December 31, 2019.

2. What happens to people who get COVID-19?

  • The majority of those who experience symptoms (roughly 80%) recover without the need for hospital care. Around 15% become severely ill, requiring oxygen, and 5% become critically ill, requiring intensive care.

3. Who is most at risk of severe illness from COVID-19?

  • People over the age of 60, as well as those with underlying medical issues such as high blood pressure, heart and lung disease, diabetes, obesity, or cancer, are more likely to experience severe illness.

4. Are there long-term effects of COVID-19?

  • Whether or not they need hospitalization, some people who have had COVID-19 continue to have symptoms such as exhaustion, respiratory, and neurological symptoms.

5. When should I get a test for COVID-19?

  • Whenever practicable, someone with symptoms should be checked. People who have had close contact with someone who is, or maybe, infected but do not have symptoms should also consider testing – contact the local health guidelines and follow their advice.

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