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Top 10 Diseases In India | List of Top Ten Deadliest Diseases

Top 10 Diseases In India | List of Top Ten Deadliest Diseases: At the point when we talk about the dangerous sicknesses on the planet, large numbers of us begin considering serious infections that are caused by these deadliest diseases. Most likely, the improvement in the medical care industry has changed a ton; however, there are as yet a decent number of dangerous illnesses common in India. The treatment expenses of some of them are extremely high.

Here is the complete list of Top 10 Diseases In India

 

No 1. Corona Virus | Covid-19

Covid-19 is a respiratory disease which is caused by the coronavirus. People who are infected with covid-19 face fever, coughing. It is considered a most deadly disease.

 Major symptoms of Covid-19

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of taste or smell

Covid-19 is caused due to:

It spreads through a droplet of an infected person to other individuals through talks, sneezes, coughing.

Preventive Measures for Covid-19

  • Avoid contact with an infected person
  • Maintain social distancing
  • Constantly wash hands with soap
  • Avoid touching your nose, hand without washing your hand.
  • Wear mask
  • Avoid going out and stay at home

No 2. Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD)

Cardiovascular infections are a scope of conditions that influence your heart. They are the main cause of demise in India. Way of life hazard factors, financial changes, and so forth are significant reasons for the ascent of CVD.

Major symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases

  • Pain in the upper abdomen, neck, jaw, back, throat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain or numbness in your arms, and legs
  • Chest discomfort
  • Chest pain

 Cardiovascular Diseases is caused due to:

  • Tobacco intake
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Poor diet
  • Hereditary
  • High BP or Cholesterol
  • Overweight
  • Family history of CVD

 Preventive Measures for Cardiovascular Diseases

  • Be physically active
  • Exercise regularly
  • Monitor your weight
  • Stop smoking
  • Control your blood pressure
  • Keep a check of Your Cholesterol

No 3. Stroke

 A stroke happens when an artery in your mind releases or gets obstructed. The side effects of stroke incorporate abrupt deadness and disarray. It additionally causes vision misfortune and shortcomings.

Major symptoms of Stroke

  • Sudden confusion, difficulty in speaking or understanding
  • Unexpected weakness or numbness in the arm, face
  • Trouble insight from one or both the eyes
  • Severe headache with no known cause
  • Trouble walking

 Stroke is caused due to:

  • People with high blood pressure, high cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Hemorrhage in the brain
  • Heart disease
  • Medications
  • Genetic disorder

Preventive Measures for Stroke

  • Quit smoking
  • Control blood pressure
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Exercise regularly
  • Limit alcohol

No 4. Respiratory diseases

Respiratory diseases including lung abscess, intense bronchitis & pneumonia are another greatest reason for death in India. It is quite possibly the most well-known contaminations which influence grown-ups.

 Major symptoms of Respiratory diseases

  • Nasal congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Weakness
  • Short in breathing that lasts for more than a week
  • Scratchy or sore throat

 Respiratory diseases are caused due to:

  • Massive exposure to smoke or toxic substances
  • Low immune functioning
  • Smoking
  • Dust
  • Air pollution
  • Unsuitable growth of lungs before birth or during childhood

Preventive Measures for Respiratory diseases

  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise regularly
  • Stay active
  • Wear a surgical mask (if required)
  • Avoid visiting polluted areas

No 5. Tuberculosis (Top 10 Diseases In India )

 It is an irresistible sickness that by and large influences the lungs however may influence other body parts too. In any case, fortunately, tuberculosis is treatable and preventable.

Major symptoms of Tuberculosis

  • Fatigue
  • Coughing up blood
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sudden weight loss

 Tuberculosis is caused due to:

  • Weakened immune system
  • Traveling or living in certain areas
  • Saliva droplets outspread from person to person when another infected person coughs or sneezes
  • Friends and family who are infected from TB

Preventive Measures for Tuberculosis

  • Avoid close contact with infected people or may be seen for instance hospitals.
  • Shield for those who have a high risk
  • Vaccinate if you are infected to avoid the spread

No 6. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD is a drawn-out lung illness that causes the patient’s trouble relaxing. In India, yet COPD is answerable for ending the existence of numerous across the world.

 Major symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease

  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness
  • Lack of energy
  • Time and again respiratory infections
  • Swelled ankles, feet, or legs
  • Shortness of breath

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease is caused due to:     

  • Smoking or involuntary inhalation
  • Chemical fumes and r lung irritants
  • Any of the family linked to COPD
  • Past records of respiratory infections during childhood

Preventive Measures for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease

  • Do not smoke
  • Know your family history
  • Protect yourself from dust, fumes, and chemicals at home or at work
  • Avoid air pollution

No 7. Diabetes

Diabetes influences insulin creation and use. There are two sorts of Diabetes

  1. Where the pancreas doesn’t deliver sufficient insulin
  2. Where enough insulin is not created or it can’t be utilized successfully. Diabetes is a perilous sickness.

 Major symptoms of Diabetes

  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Irritability

Diabetes is caused due to:

  • Unhealthy diet
  • Lack of regular exercise
  • High Blood pressure
  • Obesity
  • Unhealthy food intake

Preventive Measures for Diabetes

  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid a sedentary lifestyle
  • Maintain good nutrition
  • Quit smoking
  • Add more fiber to your diet and cut down on sugar

No 8. Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementias 

With Alzheimer’s illness comes the loss of memory, yet in addition death toll as a rule. The reformist illness obliterates memory and hinders in exercises like reasoning, thinking, and so forth.

Major symptoms of Alzheimer’s

  • Complication’s in completing familiar tasks
  • Forgetting about recently learned information
  • Misplacing things
  • The problem in writing or speaking of words
  • Lack of judgment and decision making
  • Inability to manage budget

Alzheimer’s is caused due to:

  • Family history of Alzheimer’s
  • Old age
  • Unhealthy lifestyle
  • Hereditary
  • Past head trauma
  • Having lack of communication with people for a long period

Preventive Measures for Alzheimer’s

  • Have a healthy diet add fruits and veggies to your diet
  • Avoid food with an excessive fat content like Meat, dairy products, olive oil, lean fish
  • Avoid smoking
  • Take care of cardiovascular risk factors

No 9. Malaria

Intestinal sickness is a lethal infection that is brought about by Plasmodium parasite transmission by mosquitoes. It generally influences individuals in tropical and subtropical environments where parasites reside.

 Major symptoms of Malaria

  • Fever
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea, which occurred after 7 days of insect bite

Malaria is caused due to:

Channeling by female Anopheles mosquitoes

 Preventive Measures for Malaria

  • Stay in well-screened areas at the night
  • Apply insect repellent
  • Wear full-sleeved clothes
  • Use bed net while sleeping to avoid mosquitoes bite

No 10. Diarrheal Disease

Diarrheal of the bowels is the point at which you pass at least three free stools in a day. It lessens the water and salt levels from your body making it feeble. In the event that it proceeds for quite a long time, you may confront parchedness.

 Major symptoms of Diarrheal

  • Loose stool
  • Mucus in the stool
  • Bloating
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain, cramps
  • Blood in the stool

Diarrheal is caused due to:

  • Lack of access to clean water
  • Living with poor sanitation facilities in your area
  • Malnourishment
  • Weak immune system

Preventive Measures for Diarrheal

  • Quit alcohol
  • Wash hands regularly
  • Follow good hygiene
  • Avoid the use of Aspirin and steroids

 Conclusion (Top 10 Diseases In India )

Although a lot of these diseases are very dangerous and life-threatening, Healthcare works and researchers work hard to provide a cure for these diseases.

 FAQs

  1. Which is the Most deadly disease?
  • Covid-19/ Coronavirus
  1. Disease with maximum deaths.
  • Coronavirus is the disease with maximum deaths that has killed over 32.4L people worldwide.
  1. What disease is the hardest to cure?
  • Tuberculosis is the hardest to cure
  1. A disease that kills slowly.
  • Huntington’s disease is a brain disorder that slowly kills a person

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